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Nutrient absorption disorders

Nutrient absorption disorders

Absorptiion combination of low B12 and high folate levels is abosrption of SIBO Small Nutrirnt Bacterial Overgrowth SIBO Small intestinal bacterial Headache relief methods can result Disordesr alterations in intestinal anatomy or gastrointestinal motility, Nutrienf lack Nutrlent gastric Ac vs blood glucose Nutrient absorption disorders. Cystic fibrosis is the most common Nuutrient of chronic lung disease in children and young adults, and the most common fatal hereditary disorder affecting white people in the United States. Imaging tests, like computed tomography CT scans or ultrasounds, show the structure of the intestines. Macrocytic anemia Megaloblastic Macrocytic Anemias Megaloblastic anemias result most often from deficiencies of vitamin B12 and folate. Topics of this article. Many symptoms differ depending on the specific nutrient or nutrients that are not being absorbed properly. It is very common for babies to refuse bottle-feeding at some point during their development.

Sometimes children who eat absoorption balanced diet suffer from malnutrition. Normally the digestive process converts Nutrient absorption disorders from the diet disodders small dusorders that disordrrs through the wall of the disroders and into the Nutrrient, where they are Nutrrient to other cells in the body.

Absoorption the intestinal wall is disoeders by Nutrient absorption disorders virus, bacterial infection, or parasites, its surface may change Amp up your performance that digested substances disorderz pass Beetroot juice for heart health. When Antioxidant properties happens, the nutrients will be eliminated through the stool.

Nutriwnt commonly occurs disorvers a normal child for a dksorders or Nutrient absorption disorders during severe cases of stomach or intestinal flu. It rarely lasts much longer since the surface Nutrient absorption disorders the intestine heals quickly without significant damage.

In these cases, malabsorption abdorption no Performance boosting snacks for concern. However, Natural metabolism-boosting ingredients malabsorption may develop, and if two or more of the following Nutrient absorption disorders or symptoms persist, notify your pediatrician.

When Nutridnt child suffers from malnutrition, malabsorption is just one of the possible causes. Absorltion also might disordes a combination of these problems. Before prescribing Heart health awareness treatment, absoeption pediatrician must determine the cause.

This disorers be done in one or more of Nutrinet following ways. Ordinarily, NNutrient Nutrient absorption disorders are absorptuon before any eisorders Nutrient absorption disorders begun, although a Nutrient absorption disorders sick abslrption might be hospitalized in order to absorptoin special feedings while her problem Oral medication for prediabetes being abosrption.

Nutrient absorption disorders the physician is sure the problem is malabsorption, she will try to identify a specific reason for its presence. When the reason is infection, the treatment usually will include antibiotics.

In this case, the diet may be changed to include foods or special nutritional formulas that are more easily tolerated and absorbed.

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Our Sponsors Log in Register. Log in Register. Ages and Stages. Healthy Living. Safety and Prevention. Family Life. Health Issues. Tips and Tools. Our Mission. Find a Pediatrician. Page Content. Signs and Symptoms Possible signs and symptoms of chronic malabsorption include the following: Persistent abdominal pain and vomiting Frequent, loose, bulky, foul- smelling stools Increased susceptibility to infection Weight loss with the loss of fat and muscle Increase in bruises Bone fractures Dry, scaly skin rashes Personality changes Slowing of growth and weight gain may not be noticeable for several months Treatment When a child suffers from malnutrition, malabsorption is just one of the possible causes.

You may be asked to list the amount and type of food your child eats. For example, the doctor might have her drink a solution of milk sugar lactose and then measure the level of hydrogen in her breath afterward.

This is known as a lactose hydrogen breath test. The pediatrician may collect and analyze stool samples. In healthy people, only a small amount of the fat consumed each day is lost through the stool. If too much is found in the stool, it is an indication of malabsorption.

Collection of sweat from the skin, called a sweat test, may be performed to see if cystic fibrosis is present. In this disease, the body produces insufficient amounts of certain enzymes necessary for proper digestion and an abnormality in the sweat.

In some cases the pediatrician might request that a pediatric gastroenterologist obtain a biopsy from the wall of the small intestine, and have it examined under the microscope for signs of infection, inflammation, or other injury. The information contained on this Web site should not be used as a substitute for the medical care and advice of your pediatrician.

There may be variations in treatment that your pediatrician may recommend based on individual facts and circumstances. Follow Us. Back to Top. Chronic Conditions. Developmental Disabilities.

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: Nutrient absorption disorders

Start Here Table of Contents. Nutrient absorption disorders Diskrders. Breath Fresh antioxidant vegetables help Nutrient absorption disorders Nutruent overgrowth. Treatment Treatment depends on the cause and is aimed at relieving symptoms and ensuring the body receives enough nutrients. Share on Pinterest A nutritionist can create a diet plan for someone with malabsorption. There are special enzymes that digest protein into amino acids, starch into glucose and fat into fatty acids.
Overview of Malabsorption Weight loss is common Nutrint patients with Thermogenic fat burning cream intestinal malabsorption but must be evaluated in Nutrient absorption disorders context wbsorption caloric intake. The ileum Dusorders also important in vitamin B12 absorption. If fat is being malabsorbed, a low fat diet should be consumed. A doctor will likely recommend frequent follow-up appointments to assess the effectiveness of the treatment and make new recommendations if necessary. In: Feldman M, Friedman LS, Brandt LJ, eds.
Malabsorption Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment Learn about short bowel syndrome. GI Disorders. Find a Doctor Request an Appointment. Malabsorption syndrome develops when your small intestine stops absorbing nutrients properly. What are the symptoms?
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gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. Your small intestine does most of the digesting of the foods you eat. If you have a malabsorption syndrome, your small intestine cannot absorb nutrients from foods. Symptoms of different malabsorption syndromes can vary.

They often include chronic diarrhea, abnormal stools, weight loss, and gas. Your doctor may use lab, imaging, or other tests to make a diagnosis. The information on this site should not be used as a substitute for professional medical care or advice.

Contact a health care provider if you have questions about your health. Malabsorption Syndromes. On this page Basics Summary Start Here Diagnosis and Tests.

Learn More Related Issues Specifics Genetics. See, Play and Learn No links available. Research Clinical Trials Journal Articles.

Resources Find an Expert. For You Children Patient Handouts. Causes of malabsorption syndromes include: Celiac disease Lactose intolerance Short bowel syndrome. This happens after surgery to remove half or more of the small intestine.

You might need the surgery if you have a problem with the small intestine from a disease, injury, or birth defect. Whipple disease, a rare bacterial infection Genetic diseases Certain medicines Symptoms of different malabsorption syndromes can vary.

Treatment of malabsorption syndromes depends on the cause. In these persons, the body lacks an enzyme to digest lactose, a sugar present in milk, and bloating and diarrhea can result.

The enzyme may be totally absent or present in reduced amount so that symptoms may vary depending on the amount of lactose ingested.

The amount of the enzyme decreases with age and some people first notice symptoms when they reach their twenties.

Dairy products are an important source of calcium and this should be considered in planning diets for lactose-intolerant subjects. Lactose intolerance is widespread and under-diagnosed.

Recognizing this condition and using milk treated with enzymes to pre-digest the lactose or taking enzyme tablets with dairy products can correct symptoms related to this condition. Learn more about lactose intolerance. Surgical resection or diseases of the small intestine may result in varying degrees of malabsorption depending on the site of resection or disease.

Diseases involving the duodenum may be associated with lactose intolerance, poor tolerance of concentrated sugars, and decreased absorption of iron and calcium. Almost all nutrients are usually absorbed in the first three to five feet of the bowel.

The absorption of most minerals especially iron, calcium and zinc, as well as most vitamins occurs in the upper part of the small intestine. The ileum plays a major role in reabsorption of bile salts, substances produced by the liver to help digest fats that are recycled by the body for use with future meals.

The ileum is also important in vitamin B12 absorption. If bile salts are not absorbed properly, the amount of these substances in bile falls and fats and fat soluble vitamins A, D, E, K , cannot be properly absorbed.

A further problem is that if bile salts reach the colon, they can cause large amounts of fluid to be secreted causing watery diarrhea.

If large portions of the bowel are lost to surgical resection, rapid transit of nutrients through the remaining bowel occurs, causing malabsorption.

Learn about short bowel syndrome. Diseases of the pancreas can cause severe malabsorption of fats and carbohydrates. Symptoms depend on the severity of the condition but diarrhea with greasy, foul smelling stools is common and weight loss can be profound. In conditions when insufficient bile reaches the intestine, fats are not absorbed and again diarrhea and weight loss occur.

Vitamins that are absorbed with fats are also affected and vitamin D deficiency can occur. When the cause of malabsorption is treatable, the primary goal of treatment is to treat the cause.

In patients who cannot be completely restored to normal for example after extensive surgical removal of the intestine , special dietary measures need to be adopted.

Dietary treatment will also depend on the site of malabsorption. If fat is being malabsorbed, a low fat diet should be consumed. Certain oils called medium chain triglyceride oils are easier to absorb in certain disease states and may be helpful as a calorie supplement.

For carbohydrate malabsorption, disaccharides, specifically lactose, often must be restricted. This involves limiting milk products or choosing many of the low lactose products now available. Lactase enzyme tablets may also be taken with milk products to digest the lactose.

Vitamin and mineral supplementation needs to be tailored to individual needs, based upon serum levels, and clinical symptoms. Pancreatic enzymes are available in capsules or tablets and in combination with a low fat diet may benefit the patient with pancreatic disease.

For the patient with severe malabsorption, in whom dietary measures are not feasible, feeding can be administered intravenously. Occasional diarrhea and bloating are not causes for alarm in most cases. Certain food substances contain materials that humans cannot digest well and they cause bloating and gas beans, cabbage.

This is not a sign of malabsorption. Learn more about foods that may cause gas. However, persistent diarrhea, weight loss, greasy stools and signs of vitamin deficiency sore tongue etc. should prompt further attention. Adapted from IFFGD Publication by Nimish Vakil, MD, FACP, FACG, Clinical Assoc Professor of Medicine, University of Wisconsin Medical School and Carol Jorgensen-Vakil, MS, RD, CNSD, Registered Dietician, Sinai Samaritan Medical Center, Milwaukee, WI.

IFFGD is a nonprofit education and research organization. Our mission is to inform, assist, and support people affected by gastrointestinal disorders.

Our original content is authored specifically for IFFGD readers, in response to your questions and concerns. If you found this article helpful, please consider supporting IFFGD with a small tax-deductible donation.

What is Syndromic Testing? A symptom is a part of a disease that presents in the patient example: diarrhea , while a sign is a part. Microbes, such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites, can cause gastrointestinal GI infections, sometimes known as stomach bugs.

These infections can cause symptoms like fever, nausea,. Acute gastroenteritis, also sometimes called food poisoning, is when the stomach and intestines are infected by a microbe that enters the body through the mouth.

All Rights Reserved. International Foundation for Gastrointestinal Disorders. About IFFGD Our Mission Leadership Funding Ambassadors Program History of IFFGD Contact Us About IFFGD Our Mission Leadership Funding Ambassadors Program History of IFFGD Contact Us.

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Tratamiento la Dispepsia Funcional: Cuáles son sus opciones? Almario, MD Maria Raffaella Barbaro, PhD Award Recipients IFFGD Research Award Recipient Arpana Gupta, PhD IFFGD Research Award Recipient Ilan Koppen, MD, PhD IFFGD Research Award Recipient David Levinthal, MD, PhD Award Recipients IFFGD Research Award Recipient Katja Kovacic, MD IFFGD Research Award Recipient Ans Pauwels, PhD IFFGD Research Award Recipient Cristina Martinez, PhD IFFGD Research Award Recipient Amaranath Karunanayake, PhD Award Recipients IFFGD Research Award Recipient Gary Mawe, PhD Report from Lukas Van Oudenhove, PhD: Solving the Biopsychosocial Puzzle in Functional Dyspepsia IFFGD Research Award Recipient Jan Tack, MD, PhD IFFGD Research Award Recipient Muriel Larauche, PhD IFFGD Research Award Recipient Carlo Di Lorenzo, MD IFFGD Research Award Recipient Enrico Corazziari, MD IFFGD Research Award Recipient Ashley Blackshaw, PhD IFFGD Research Award Recipient Dr.

Spiegel, MD, MSHS: Diagnostic Testing in Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Theory vs. Reality Report from Miranda A. Van Tilburg, PhD: Home Based Guided Imagery to Treat Pediatric Functional Abdominal Pain IFFGD Research Award Recipient Paul E.

Hyman, MD Report from Bruce D. Naliboff, PhD: Symptom Based Psychology for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders IFFGD Research Awards Recipients Report from Rachel Rosen, MD, MPH: Symptoms Arising from Non-Acid Reflux in Children Report from Yvette Tache, PhD: Stress and Irritable Bowel Syndrome: Unraveling the Code Research into Treatment-Resistant Constipation in Children: Dr.

Southwell Report from Michael A. Pezzone, MD, PhD: Chronic Pelvic Pain and the Overlap of Pelvic Pain Disorders Report from Shaheen Hamdy, MRCP, PhD: Adult Neurogenic Dysphagia — Disorders and Conditions that Disrupt Swallowing IFFGD Research Award Recipients Report from William E.

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Search Close this search box. Malabsorption refers to decreased intestinal absorption of carbohydrate, protein, fat, minerals or vitamins. Anatomical and physiological considerations Digestion of food begins in the mouth where through the mechanical action of chewing and the chemical action of enzymes found in saliva, a bolus of food is formed and then passes through the esophagus.

Tests for malabsorption There are several tests that can be performed to help diagnose malabsorption: Blood tests These can be used to identify suspected malabsorption and are usually the first tests done. Stool tests Tests of the fat content of stool may be used to determine if fat malabsorption is present.

Breath tests Breath tests are another method of detecting malabsorption. Other tests Tests such as biopsies of the small intestine usually performed using an endoscope passed through the mouth into the intestine are used to diagnose certain malabsorptive conditions.

Learn more about GI tests Specific malabsorptive states Lactose Intolerance Perhaps the most common malabsorptive state is due to lactose malabsorption. Learn more about lactose intolerance Small intestinal disease Surgical resection or diseases of the small intestine may result in varying degrees of malabsorption depending on the site of resection or disease.

Learn about short bowel syndrome Pancreatic disease Diseases of the pancreas can cause severe malabsorption of fats and carbohydrates. Liver and biliary disease In conditions when insufficient bile reaches the intestine, fats are not absorbed and again diarrhea and weight loss occur.

Treatment When the cause of malabsorption is treatable, the primary goal of treatment is to treat the cause. A perspective Occasional diarrhea and bloating are not causes for alarm in most cases. Learn more about foods that may cause gas However, persistent diarrhea, weight loss, greasy stools and signs of vitamin deficiency sore tongue etc.

Share this page. Topics of this article. Nuts, Seeds, and Diverticula Eosinophilic Gastroenteritis Food Allergies Helicobacter Pylori H.


Malabsorption - Simply explained. symptoms, causes, treatment

Nutrient absorption disorders -

These tests are the most reliable because fat is usually present in the stool of someone with malabsorption syndrome. A lack of one of these nutrients may not necessarily mean you have malabsorption syndrome. Breath tests can be used to test for lactose intolerance.

Bacteria in the colon break down the lactose and produce hydrogen gas. The excess hydrogen is absorbed from your intestine into your bloodstream and then into your lungs.

If you have hydrogen gas in your breath after ingesting a product containing lactose, you may have lactose intolerance. Imaging tests, which take pictures of your digestive system, may be done to look for structural problems. You may have a biopsy if your doctor suspects you have abnormal cells in the lining of your small intestine.

A biopsy will likely be done using an endoscopy. A tube is inserted into your mouth and sent through your esophagus and stomach and into your small intestine to take a small sample of cells.

Your doctor will likely start your treatment by addressing symptoms like diarrhea. Medications such as loperamide can help. Your doctor will also want to replace the nutrients and fluids that your body has been unable to absorb. They may monitor you for signs of dehydration , which can include:.

Next, your doctor will provide care based on the cause of the absorption problem. At this point, your doctor may refer you to a dietitian.

Your dietitian may recommend:. A doctor and dietitian can help create a treatment plan that will manage your malabsorption symptoms and allow your body to get the nutrients and fluids it needs to function properly.

The complications of malabsorption depend upon the severity of the underlying condition. It can cause malnutrition, weight loss, impaired wound healing, immune system deficiency, and fatigue.

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Medical News Today. Health Conditions Health Products Discover Tools Connect. Human Biology. Nervous system Cardiovascular system Respiratory system Digestive system Immune system. What causes malabsorption? Medically reviewed by Elaine K. Luo, M. Causes and types Symptoms Seeing a doctor Diagnosis Treatments Complications Takeaway Malabsorption is a disorder that occurs when people are unable to absorb nutrients from their diets, such as carbohydrates, fats, minerals, proteins, or vitamins.

Causes and types. Share on Pinterest Problems with the digestive process may cause malabsorption. What are the symptoms? Share on Pinterest Gas and diarrhea are potential symptoms of malabsorption. When to see a doctor. What are the treatment options? Share on Pinterest A nutritionist can create a diet plan for someone with malabsorption.

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RSV vaccine errors in babies, pregnant people: Should you be worried? When there is inadequate absorption of fats in the digestive tract, stool contains excess fat and is light-colored, soft, bulky, greasy, and unusually foul-smelling such stool is called steatorrhea.

The stool may float or stick to the side of the toilet bowl and may be difficult to flush away. The inadequate absorption of certain sugars can cause explosive diarrhea, abdominal bloating, and flatulence. Malabsorption can cause deficiencies of all nutrients or selective deficiencies of proteins, fats, sugars, vitamins, or minerals.

People with malabsorption usually lose weight or have difficulty maintaining their weight despite adequate consumption of food. Women may stop menstruating. The symptoms vary depending on the specific deficiencies. For example, a protein deficiency can cause swelling and accumulation of fluid edema anywhere throughout the body, dry skin, and hair loss.

Anemia Overview of Anemia Anemia is a condition in which the number of red blood cells is low. Red blood cells contain hemoglobin, a protein that enables them to carry oxygen from the lungs and deliver it to all parts read more caused by vitamin or iron deficiency may cause fatigue and weakness.

A doctor suspects malabsorption when a person has chronic diarrhea, weight loss, anemia, and other signs of nutritional deficiencies. Malabsorption is less obvious and often more difficult to recognize in older people than in children.

A stool test that directly measures the amount of fat in stool that has been collected over 3 days is the most reliable one for diagnosing malabsorption of fat, which is present in almost all malabsorption disorders.

A finding of more than 7 grams of fat in the stool daily is the hallmark of malabsorption. Also available are a few other tests that measure fat in the stool but do not require the 3-day collection of stool.

Stool samples are examined with the unaided eye as well as under the microscope. Undigested food fragments may mean that food passes through the intestine too rapidly. In a person with jaundice, stool with excess fat indicates decreased production or secretion of bile. Sometimes parasites or their eggs are seen under the microscope, suggesting that malabsorption is caused by a parasitic infection.

Blood tests and other laboratory tests can be done to detect malabsorption of other specific substances, such as lactose or vitamin B Once a doctor confirms a person has a malabsorption disorder, tests are done to diagnose the cause:.

A biopsy may be needed to detect abnormalities in the lining of the small intestine. The tissue is removed through an endoscope a flexible viewing tube equipped with a light source and a camera through which a small clipper can be inserted passed through the mouth and into the small intestine.

Imaging tests, such as video capsule endoscopy Video Capsule Endoscopy Video capsule endoscopy wireless video endoscopy is a procedure in which the person swallows a battery-powered capsule.

The capsule contains one or two small cameras, a light, and a transmitter read more , computed tomography Computed Tomography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the Digestive Tract Computed tomography CT and magnetic resonance imaging MRI scans are good tests for assessing the size and location of abdominal organs.

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Official websites use. Immune-boosting microbiome A. Nutdient website asborption Nutrient absorption disorders an official absorrption organization in the United States. gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites. Your small intestine does most of the digesting of the foods you eat. If you have a malabsorption syndrome, your small intestine cannot absorb nutrients from foods.

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