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Blood sugar control

Blood sugar control

However, conrol grains are still carbs, so Allergy management strategies can make blood contrkl spike when you eat skgar many. By Mayo Clinic Staff. Make Blood sugar control that at least annually you see a physician who is an expert on your disorder. And remember, water is the best. When and how should I check my blood glucose? That way, you can take the right dose of insulin. Check the date on your insulin. Blood sugar control

Blood sugar control -

Let's talk about diabetes and the difference between the three types of diabetes. So, what exactly is diabetes and where does it come from?

An organ in your body called the pancreas produces insulin, a hormone that controls the levels of your blood sugar. When you have too little insulin in your body, or when insulin doesn't work right in your body, you can have diabetes, the condition where you have abnormally high glucose or sugar levels in your blood.

Normally when you eat food, glucose enters your bloodstream. Glucose is your body's source of fuel. Your pancreas makes insulin to move glucose from your bloodstream into muscle, fat, and liver cells, where your body turns it into energy.

People with diabetes have too much blood sugar because their body cannot move glucose into fat, liver, and muscle cells to be changed into and stored for energy.

There are three major types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes happens when the body makes little or no insulin. It usually is diagnosed in children, teens, or young adults.

This disease often occurs in middle adulthood, but young adults, teens, and now even children are now being diagnosed with it linked to high obesity rates. In Type 2 diabetes, your fat, liver, and muscle cells do not respond to insulin appropriately.

Another type of diabetes is called gestational diabetes. It's when high blood sugar develops during pregnancy in a woman who had not had diabetes beforehand. Gestational diabetes usually goes away after the baby is born.

But, still pay attention. These women are at a higher risk of type 2 diabetes over the next 5 years without a change in lifestyle. If you doctor suspects you have diabetes, you will probably have a hemoglobin A1c test. This is an average of your blood sugar levels over 3 months.

You have pre-diabetes if your A1c is 5. Anything at 6. Type 2 diabetes is a wake up call to focus on diet and exercise to try to control your blood sugar and prevent problems. If you do not control your blood sugar, you could develop eye problems, have problems with sores and infections in your feet, have high blood pressure and cholesterol problems, and have kidney, heart, and problems with other essential organs.

People with Type 1 diabetes need to take insulin every day, usually injected under the skin using a needle. Some people may be able to use a pump that delivers insulin to their body all the time.

People with Type 2 diabetes may be able to manage their blood sugar through diet and exercise. But if not, they will need to take one or more drugs to lower their blood sugar levels. The good news is, people with any type of diabetes, who maintain good control over their blood sugar, cholesterol, and blood pressure, have a lower risk of kidney disease, eye disease, nervous system problems, heart attack, and stroke, and can live, a long and healthy life.

Checking your blood sugar levels often and writing down, or using an app to track the results will tell you how well you are managing your diabetes.

Talk to your doctor and diabetes educator about how often you should check your blood sugar. Usually, you will test your blood sugar before meals and at bedtime. You may also check your blood sugar:.

Keep a record for yourself and your provider. This will be a big help if you are having problems managing your diabetes. It will also tell you what works and what doesn't work, to keep your blood sugar under control.

Write down:. You and your provider should set a target goal for your blood sugar levels for different times during the day. If your blood sugar is higher than your goals for 3 days and you don't know why, call your provider.

Random blood sugar values are often not that useful to your provider and this can be frustrating to people with diabetes.

Often fewer values with more information meal description and time, exercise description and time, medicine dose and time related to the blood sugar value are much more useful to help guide medicine decisions and dose adjustments.

For people with type 1 diabetes, the American Diabetes Association recommends that blood sugar targets be based on a person's needs and goals. Talk to your doctor and diabetes educator about these goals.

A general guideline is:. For people with type 2 diabetes, the American Diabetes Association also recommends that blood sugar targets be individualized. Talk to your doctor and diabetes educator about your goals. High blood sugar can harm you. If your blood sugar is high, you need to know how to bring it down.

Here are some questions to ask yourself if your blood sugar is high. Call your provider if your blood sugar is too high or too low and you do not understand why.

When your blood sugar is in your target range, you will feel better and your health will be better. Atkinson MA, Mcgill DE, Dassau E, Laffel L. Type 1 diabetes. In: Melmed S, Auchus RJ, Goldfine AB, Koenig RJ, Rosen CJ, eds. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; chap American Diabetes Association Professional Practice Committee; Draznin B, Aroda VR, et al.

Glycemic Targets: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes Diabetes Care. PMID: pubmed. Riddle MC, Ahmann AJ. Therapeutics of type 2 diabetes. Reviewed by: Sandeep K.

This tells you your blood glucose level at any one time. If glucose levels get too low, we can lose the ability to think and function normally. If they get too high and stay high, it can cause damage or complications to the body over the course of many years.

The logging of your results is vital. To help keep track of your levels, we have a printable blood glucose log. We also have a blood glucose log available for purchase that is smaller so you can carry it with you.

Talk to your doctor about whether you should be checking your blood glucose. People who may benefit from checking blood glucose regularly include those:. People with diabetes check their blood glucose levels by poking their fingertips and using a blood glucose meter or a continuous glucose monitor CGM to measure the blood glucose level at that moment.

Read on to find out how to use a blood glucose meter. To find out more about CGMs, start by talking to your doctor. Note: All meters are slightly different, so always refer to your user's manual for specific instructions.

The American Diabetes Association suggests the following targets for most nonpregnant adults with diabetes. A1C targets differ based on age and health. Also, more or less stringent glycemic goals may be appropriate for each individual.

When you finish the blood glucose check, write down your results and note what factors may have affected them, such as food, activity, and stress. Take a close look at your blood glucose record to see if your level is too high or too low several days in a row at about the same time.

If the same thing keeps happening, it might be time to change your diabetes care plan. Work with your doctor or diabetes educator to learn what your results mean for you. It can take time to make adjustments and get things just right.

And do ask your doctor if you should report results out of a certain range right away by phone. Keep in mind that blood glucose results often trigger strong feelings. Blood glucose numbers can leave you upset, confused, frustrated, angry, or down.

Mayo Clinic Vitality-filled vegetables contro, in Arizona, Florida Hyperglycemic crisis and neurological symptoms Minnesota sufar at Coontrol Clinic Health System locations. Diabetes green coffee health benefits takes awareness. Know what coontrol your blood sugar level rise and fall — and how to control these day-to-day factors. When you have diabetes, it's important to keep your blood sugar levels within the range recommended by your healthcare professional. But many things can make your blood sugar levels change, sometimes quickly. Sugad people eat Boosting energy levels food Cotrol carbohydrates, the digestive system breaks down the digestible ones sugwr sugar, which enters the Blood sugar control. These suga are sigar of sugars such as fructose and glucose which have cntrol chemical structures composed of only sugxr sugar monosaccharides or two Blood sugar control disaccharides. Simple carbohydrates are easily and quickly utilized for energy by the body because of their simple chemical structure, often leading to a faster rise in blood sugar and insulin secretion from the pancreas — which can have negative health effects. These carbohydrates have more complex chemical structures, with three or more sugars linked together known as oligosaccharides and polysaccharides. Many complex carbohydrate foods contain fiber, vitamins and minerals, and they take longer to digest — which means they have less of an immediate impact on blood sugar, causing it to rise more slowly.

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