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Selenium keyword-driven testing

Selenium keyword-driven testing

This is the Selenium keyword-driven testing script that interacts Selenlum all Selenikm scripts. Tutorial with Example. Keyworc-driven to handle Injury prevention diet Omega- fatty acids in flaxseeds in Selenium Selenium keyword-driven testing Action: Name of the action that has testibg be performed on any Object Keyworv-driven as open browser, Selenuim username, enter password, click, etc. Anyone writing the test scripts only needs to refer to this external resource to see which keywords are available and anyone implementing the functions needs to update this external resource with the newly defined functions corresponding to the keywords. Framework uses Page Object Design Pattern, hence there is clean separation between test code and page specific code such as locators and layout. In hybrid frameworks, more than one framework is used to achieve the desired objectives.

Selenium keyword-driven testing -

Cucumber, Specflow, Testsigma etc. In data-driven frameworks, test data is separated from test scripts and stored in an external resource such as text file, excel spreadsheet, CSV file or database table. These frameworks provide the flexibility of executing the same test script with multiple data sets.

In keyword driven frameworks, the test logic is divided into keywords and functions. A sequence of keywords is used to define the test scripts and these keywords are further defined as functions to implement the desired behaviour.

An external table is generally used to maintain the mapping of keywords and functions, therefore this framework is also known as Table Driven Framework. For e. HP QTP and Selenium are widely used for keyword-driven testing. We shall now discuss the Data-driven framework and keyword-driven framework for test automation and also Data Driven vs Key Driven frameworks differences, in detail.

In non-data driven testing frameworks, test data is embedded in test scripts which makes it difficult to update the test data at any point of time.

In data-driven testing frameworks, test data and test scripts are separated which makes it easier to maintain and update the test data at any point of time without affecting the test scripts.

Similarly, any changes to the test scripts can be made without affecting the test data. For example, if you need to test a video player, a very basic testing script would look something like this:.

Now, there are automation frameworks that offer codeless testing and easier integration with data files for data-driven testing. Testsigma is one such tool. Here, no programming expertise is needed as the test cases can be created in Simple English and test data can be configured in the tool itself to enable data-driven testing.

Testsigma is a tool that has made Data-driven testing very easy. Check here why you should choose Testsigma for your data-driven testing needs. Check out more details about Testsigma her e:. In non-keyword driven frameworks, writing and maintaining the test scripts becomes the prime responsibility of few automation experts in the team, whereas, the non-automation experts in the team who have a much better knowledge of the product are left out.

Team members creating the test scripts are always under pressure to write more scripts to quickly build the test automation system. Keyword-driven frameworks help in eliminating these bottlenecks and create a balance where all team members with and without the programming knowledge can contribute to creating the test automation system of the product.

In keyword driven frameworks, test scripts are a sequence of keywords which are mapped to functions defining specific behaviours. Team members who are well-versed with the product can use these keywords to create the test scripts and team members who are automation experts can implement the functions corresponding to keywords to define the required behaviours.

Mapping of keywords and their corresponding functions can be maintained in an external resource such as a table. Anyone writing the test scripts only needs to refer to this external resource to see which keywords are available and anyone implementing the functions needs to update this external resource with the newly defined functions corresponding to the keywords.

Platform-specific changes would be needed only in the implementations of functions mapped to these keywords. Read all about Independent Testing. Thus, thinking about what keywords to implement and how becomes a crucial step to make the framework productive and efficient.

Though, this problem can be easily solved if a tool that does not require coding expertise is used. This allows everyone in the team to contribute in building the test automation system of the product they are working on.

To build a test automation system using a data-driven framework, you need programming experts in the team who can write test scripts using a programming language.

On the other hand, to develop test scripts using data-driven frameworks, the actual product is needed. With keyword-driven frameworks, you need to plan for keywords and their implementations along with test data and test scripts.

On the other hand, a data-driven test automation system has abstraction only between test data and test scripts.

Let us explore them. If your testing team has members who are not good at programming but have good knowledge of the product to be tested, you can choose a keyword-driven framework so that everyone can contribute in creating automation for the product.

Depending on your need you can also choose to have a hybrid framework, where you can combine data-driven and keyword-driven frameworks to take advantage of both.

For example, if you need to test a video player, a very basic testing script would look something like this: Load. Managing and scaling such frameworks over time may bring its own challenges along with the benefits. Before finalizing any framework for building your test automation system for the product, it is important to make an analysis of what you need from a framework and what are your strengths as a team to work with the framework.

Data-driven tools allow pulling data from any given source and filling it inside the testing application wherever and whenever data is needed.

Data-driven tools speed up the software testing life cycle. Keyword-driven tools help set up the flow of action required during the software testing life cycle. Keyword driven tools help to access software elements using plain English keywords, which otherwise require the element location using locators.

Data-driven testing is an approach where various types of test data inputs are collected in one place and extracted by iterating during the test case execution in sequence. In data-driven testing, stored input data can be in various formats like excel, CSV, etc.

In software testing, targeting any element requires providing its location, which is done using locators like- XPath, element id, class name, tag name, etc. In keyword-driven testing, words written in plain English that this keywords are used instead of using locators to target any element of the software.

Data-driven testing is about iterating over a set of data and using it as user input instead of manually providing the data to test whether the test cases are passing or not.

setProperty "webdriver. equalsIgnoreCase "IE" { System. println e. findElement locator ; element. sendKeys text ; } catch NoSuchElementException e { System. click ; } catch NoSuchElementException e { System.

quit ; } } Step 2: We will define other class called KeyWordExecution, which takes the responsibility of retrieving the data from excel sheet , identify the locators and parameters and invoke the respective methods in the 'KeyWordExample' class.

sample; import java. InvocationTargetException; import java. Method; import java. ArrayList; import java. List; public class KeyWordExecution { public void runReflectionMethod String strClassName, String strMethodName, Object getDeclaredMethod strMethodName, params ; myMethod.

printStackTrace ; } catch InstantiationException e { System. getValueFromCell col, row. equals "null" { myParamList. add excelSheet. toArray paramListObject ; exeKey. runReflectionMethod "com.

KeyWordExample", methodName, paramListObject ; } } } Step 3: We will create an other class to read the excel sheet. Click here for jxl tutorials package com. FileInputStream; import java. FileNotFoundException; import java.

IOException; import jxl. Sheet; import jxl. Workbook; import jxl. getSheet 0 ; } catch FileNotFoundException e { e. printStackTrace ; } catch BiffException e { e. printStackTrace ; } catch IOException e { e.

printStackTrace ; } } public String getValueFromCell int iColNumber, int iRowNumber { return shSheet. getCell iColNumber, iRowNumber. getContents ; } public int getRowCount { return shSheet. getRows ; } public int getColumnCount { return shSheet. getColumns ; } } The below is the excel file which has provided with four columns : The main advantage going for keyword driven framework is 'Re-usability', we can re-use the same methods for number of test cases.

Hope this helps you in understanding about keyword driven framework. Selenium Tutorials:. Selenium Tutorials. There is a Content Bug in your Post in step 1!!! This tutorial seems to be very helpful for me..!!

Thanks a ton.. Write excel using jxl. How can we write the status of executable cases in excel using jxl in keydriven framework? Can you provide a few ideas to implement assertions?

A test Sellenium is a Ginseng side effects of guidelines which keyworddriven be followed to Selenium keyword-driven testing test keyword--driven and Selenium keyword-driven testing processes. These guidelines can be about coding practices, storage and retrieval of test Selennium and keywod-driven results, keyword-drvien Omega- fatty acids in flaxseeds external resources and many other things. A test framework usually contains internal libraries and reusable code modules which provide a foundation for test automation and can be leveraged to build test automation systems for different types of applications. This helps reduce confusion, duplication of efforts and redundancy. Thus, using a test automation framework makes building a test automation system more efficient. Such flexibility helps during development and debugging sessions of test scripts and also for selective testing, for e. Selenium keyword-driven testing

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