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Sports Performance Research

Sports Performance Research

Sports Performance Research PubMed PubMed Central Researvh Scholar Stepanski EJ, Wyatt JK. Article PubMed Non-GMO personal care Scholar Lastella Soorts, Halson S, Vitale Sports Performance Research, Reserch A, Vincent G. Research in Sports Performance aims to understand the limits of sports performance and improve athletic performance. The number of participants in the included studies ranged from 9 to 31 athletes, with an age range from 13 to 33 years.

Sports Performance Research -

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The Athletic and Human Performance Research Center AHPRC is a dedicated research space in which Marquette faculty and partners from the health care industry can collaborate on new research and cutting-edge innovation in the areas of elite athletic performance, human performance, rehabilitation, fitness data analytics, and other related disciplines.

Mission: A leading center facilitating collaborative and innovative research in athletic, healthy and clinical populations to advance knowledge and reach beyond boundaries to optimize human performance while training the next generation of basic and applied scientists.

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However, more studies are needed to confirm these findings. Future research on this topic should use more reliable and valid research methods to increase the quality of evidence so that more solid conclusions can be drawn.

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Sleep and athletic performance: the effects of sleep loss on exercise performance, and physiological and cognitive responses to exercise.

Sport Med. Article Google Scholar. Hirshkowitz M, Whiton K, Albert SM, Alessi C, Bruni O, DonCarlos L, et al. Sleep Health Natl Sleep Found. Venter RE. Perceptions of team athletes on the importance of recovery modalities.

Eur J Sport Sci. Querido SM, Brito J, Figueiredo P, Carnide F, Vaz JR, Freitas SR. Postmatch recovery practices carried out in professional football: a survey of 56 Portuguese professional football teams. Int J Sports Physiol Perform.

Sargent C, Lastella M, Halson SL, Roach GD. How much sleep does an elite athlete need? Lastella M, Roach GD, Halson SL, Sargent C. Walsh NP, Halson SL, Sargent C, Roach GD, Nédélec M, Gupta L, et al. Sleep and the athlete: narrative review and expert consensus recommendations.

Br J Sports Med. Gupta L, Morgan K, Gilchrist S. Does elite sport degrade sleep quality? A systematic review. Charest J, Grandner MA. Sleep and athletic performance: impacts on physical performance, mental performance injury risk and recovery, and mental health.

Sleep Med Clin. Halson SL. Sleep in elite athletes and nutritional interventions to enhance sleep. Souissi N, Chtourou H, Aloui A, Hammouda O, Dogui M, Chaouachi A, et al. Effects of time-of-day and partial sleep deprivation on short-term maximal performances of judo competitors.

J Strength Cond Res. Souissi W, Hammouda O, Ayachi M, Ammar A, Khcharem A, de Marco G, et al. Partial sleep deprivation affects endurance performance and psychophysiological responses during minute self-paced running exercise.

Physiol Behav. Article CAS PubMed Google Scholar. Jarraya S, Jarraya M, Chtourou H, Souissi N. Effect of time of day and partial sleep deprivation on the reaction time and the attentional capacities of the handball goalkeeper. Biol Rhythm Res.

Edwards BJ, Waterhouse J. Effects of one night of partial sleep deprivation upon diurnal rhythms of accuracy and consistency in throwing darts. Chronobiol Int. Reyner LA, Horne JA. Sleep restriction and serving accuracy in performance tennis players, and effects of caffeine.

Lastella M, Memon AR, Vincent GE. Global research output on sleep research in athletes from to a bibliometric analysis. Clocks Sleep. Doherty R, Madigan S, Warrington G, Ellis J. Sleep and nutrition interactions: implications for athletes.

Article CAS PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar. Vitale KC, Owens R, Hopkins SR, Malhotra A. Sleep hygiene for optimizing recovery in athletes: review and recommendations. Int J Sports Med.

Silva AC, Silva A, Edwards BJ, Tod D, Souza Amaral A, de Alcântara BD, et al. Sleep extension in athletes: what we know so far—a systematic review. Sleep Med. Lastella M, Halson S, Vitale J, Memon A, Vincent G. To Nap or Not to Nap?

A systematic review evaluating napping behavior in athletes and the impact on various measures of athletic performance. Nat Sci Sleep. Bonnar D, Bartel K, Kakoschke N, Lang C. Sleep interventions designed to improve athletic performance and recovery: a systematic review of current approaches. Liberati A, Altman DG, Tetzlaff J, Mulrow C, Gøtzsche PC, Ioannidis JPA, et al.

The PRISMA statement for reporting systematic reviews and meta-analyses of studies that evaluate health care interventions: explanation and elaboration. PLoS Med. Moher D, Liberati A, Tetzlaff J, Altman DG, Altman D, Antes G, et al. Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement.

Schardt C, Adams MB, Owens T, Keitz S, Fontelo P. Utilization of the PICO framework to improve searching PubMed for clinical questions. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. McKay AKA, Stellingwerff T, Smith ES, Martin DT, Mujika I, Goosey-Tolfrey VL, et al. Defining training and performance caliber: a participant classification framework.

Higgins JPT, Altman DG, Gøtzsche PC, Jüni P, Moher D, Oxman AD, et al. Sterne JAC, Savović J, Page MJ, Elbers RG, Blencowe NS, Boutron I, et al. RoB 2: a revised tool for assessing risk of bias in randomised trials. Google Scholar.

Kim SY, Park JE, Lee YJ, Seo HJ, Sheen SS, Hahn S, et al. Testing a tool for assessing the risk of bias for nonrandomized studies showed moderate reliability and promising validity. J Clin Epidemiol. Dunican IC, Martin DT, Halson SL, Reale RJ, Dawson BT, Caldwell JA, et al.

The effects of the removal of electronic devices for 48 hours on sleep in elite judo athletes. Jones BJ, Kaur S, Miller M, Spencer RMC. Mindfulness-based stress reduction benefits psychological well-being, sleep quality, and athletic performance in female collegiate rowers.

Front Psychol. Jones MJ, Dawson B, Eastwood PR, Halson SL, Miller J, Murray K, et al. Influence of electronic devices on sleep and cognitive performance during athlete training camps. Boukhris O, Trabelsi K, Ammar A, Abdessalem R, Hsouna H, Glenn JM, et al.

A 90 min daytime nap opportunity is better than 40 min for cognitive and physical performance. Int J Environ Res Public Health.

Petit E, Mougin F, Bourdin H, Tio G, Haffen E. A min nap in athletes changes subsequent sleep architecture but does not alter physical performances after normal sleep or 5-h phase-advance conditions. Eur J Appl Physiol. Roberts SSH, Teo WP, Aisbett B, Warmington SA.

Extended sleep maintains endurance performance better than normal or restricted sleep. Med Sci Sports Exerc. Zhao J, Tian Y, Nie J, Xu J, Liu D.

Red light and the sleep quality and endurance performance of Chinese female basketball players. J Athl Train. Boukhris O, Trabelsi K, Ammar A, Hsouna H, Abdessalem R, Altmann S, et al.

Performance, muscle damage, and inflammatory responses to repeated high-intensity exercise following a min nap. Res Sport Med.

Hsouna H, Boukhris O, Hill DW, Abdessalem R, Trabelsi K, Ammar A, et al. A daytime min nap opportunity after a simulated late evening soccer match reduces the perception of fatigue and improves 5-m shuttle run performance. Mah CD, Mah KE, Kezirian EJ, Dement WC.

The effects of sleep extension on the athletic performance of collegiate basketball players. Morita Y, Ogawa K, Uchida S. The effect of a daytime 2-hour nap on complex motor skill learning. Sleep Biol Rhythms.

Schwartz J, Simon RDJ. Sleep extension improves serving accuracy: a study with college varsity tennis players. Nishida M, Yamamoto K, Murata Y, Ichinose A, Shioda K. Exploring the effect of long naps on handball performance and heart rate variability.

Sport Med Int Open. Romdhani M, Souissi N, Chaabouni Y, Mahdouani K, Driss T, Chamari K, et al. Improved physical performance and decreased muscular and oxidative damage with postlunch napping after partial sleep deprivation in athletes.

Romdhani M, Souissi N, Moussa-Chamari I, Chaabouni Y, Mahdouani K, Sahnoun Z, et al. Caffeine use or napping to enhance repeated sprint performance after partial sleep deprivation: Why not both?

Romdhani M, Souissi N, Dergaa I, Moussa-Chamari I, Abene O, Chtourou H, et al. The effect of experimental recuperative and appetitive post-lunch nap opportunities, with or without caffeine, on mood and reaction time in highly trained athletes.

Daaloul H, Souissi N, Davenne D. Effects of napping on alertness, cognitive, and physical outcomes of karate athletes. Med Sci Sports Exerc United States.

Swinbourne R, Miller J, Smart D, Dulson DK, Gill N. The effects of sleep extension on sleep, performance, immunity and physical stress in rugby players. Rosa JPP, Silva A, Rodrigues DF, Simim MA, Narciso FV, Tufik S, et al.

Suppiah HT, Low CY, Choong G, Chia M. Effects of a short daytime nap on shooting and sprint performance in high-level adolescent athletes. Lever JR, Murphy AP, Duffield R, Fullagar HHK. A combined sleep hygiene and mindfulness intervention to improve sleep and well-being during high-performance youth tennis tournaments.

Fullagar H, Skorski S, Duffield R, Meyer T. The effect of an acute sleep hygiene strategy following a late-night soccer match on recovery of players. Chronobiol Int England. Chauvineau M, Pasquier F, Guyot V, Aloulou A, Nedelec M. Effect of the depth of cold water immersion on sleep architecture and recovery among well-trained male endurance runners.

Front Sport Act Living. Duffield R, Murphy A, Kellett A, Reid M. Recovery from repeated on-court tennis sessions: combining cold-water immersion, compression, and sleep recovery interventions. Nedelec M, Halson S, Abaidia A-E, Ahmaidi S, Dupont G.

Stress, sleep and recovery in elite soccer: a critical review of the literature. Thornton HR, Duthie GM, Pitchford NW, Delaney JA, Benton DT, Dascombe BJ. Effects of a 2-week high-intensity training camp on sleep activity of professional rugby league athletes. Tassi P, Muzet A.

Sleep inertia. Sleep Med Rev. Lastella M, Halson SL, Vitale JA, Memon AR, Vincent GE. To nap or not to nap? Stepanski EJ, Wyatt JK.

Use of sleep hygiene in the treatment of insomnia. Caia J, Scott TJ, Halson SL, Kelly VG. The influence of sleep hygiene education on sleep in professional rugby league athletes.

Sleep Health. Sleep-hygiene education improves sleep indices in elite female athletes. Int J Exerc Sci. PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar. Cho YM, Ryu SH, Lee BR, Kim KH, Lee E, Choi J. Effects of artificial light at night on human health: a literature review of observational and experimental studies applied to exposure assessment.

Okamoto-Mizuno K, Mizuno K. Effects of thermal environment on sleep and circadian rhythm. J Physiol Anthropol. Nagare R, Plitnick B, Figueiro MG. Does the iPad Night Shift mode reduce melatonin suppression? Light Res Technol. Touitou Y, Reinberg A, Touitou D.

Association between light at night, melatonin secretion, sleep deprivation, and the internal clock: health impacts and mechanisms of circadian disruption. Life Sci. Yeager RL, Oleske DA, Sanders RA, Watkins JB, Eells JT, Henshel DS.

Melatonin as a principal component of red light therapy. Med Hypotheses. According to the introduction section, all articles except one defined and explained the variables they were investigating. It was found that two articles evaluated psychological abilities, two psychological flexibility and two stress; while psychological wellbeing, emotional intelligence and cognitive abilities completed all findings.

Regarding the programs used to measure these variables, it was found that four were developed by the authors themselves, while the other five were replicated programs. Likewise, only one article omitted the mention of research objectives.

Besides, three studies presented specific objectives. Finally, it was found that in five of the nine articles the authors mentioned hypotheses.

Regarding the aspects found in the method, four opted for a quasi-experimental design, followed by two experimental studies, a case series study and a couple of articles that did not specify any design. However, only four studies were able to explain the design. Additionally, it was confirmed that all had a pre and post intervention evaluation.

According to the participants, it was found that five articles had only men as a sample, two exclusively women, and two other studies participated both genders.

Regarding age, it should be noted that only four articles showed their basic measures range, mean, standard deviation. For their part, it was found that two articles selected practitioners of various sports, while another two chose football as the sports practice to be investigated.

The remaining sports were Ice Hockey, Field Hockey, Volleyball, Rugby, and Artistic Gymnastics. Regarding the instruments, seven studies showed evidence of validity and reliability. Finally, in relation to the procedure, all the articles except one described or made a design of the sessions of the applied program.

Regarding the results section of these nine selected articles, it was found that four of them presented descriptive statistics, only one presented correlations between the investigated variables, and another five articles made comparisons.

Additionally, six studies worked out the effect size, while the remaining ones were limited to comparing the results obtained from the pre and post-test. Finally, referring to the discussion section, the five studies that presented hypotheses were able to confirm it and give a logical explanation.

In addition, the results they obtained were analyzed and compared with other research in all articles. Finally, the nine selected studies concluded that the applied program had a positive impact on one or more of the psychological variables investigated Tables 2 , 3.

The purpose of this review was to synthesize and analyze the scientific studies between the period that have evaluated the effects of psychological interventions on the performance of professional athletes who perform in highly competitive settings.

In particular, nine studies were selected from a total of identified in the corresponding databases. This number found within a large universe of studies makes us reflect on intervention designs in scientific research. Based on the filters developed and the literature found, it is evident that, in sports psychology, non-experimental studies predominate over those that study the effects of programs quasi-experimental or experimental.

It leads us to reflect on whether the scope of the applied psychological intervention programs. A second important finding was regarding the year of publication of the articles, because only in the last couple of years and more studies were found than in the previous nine — This could represent the possible lack of psychological intervention work in the last decade; or we could deduce that there are not many records of this type of investigation o there are great difficulties in systematizing and drafting such intervention.

In this way, it would not necessarily mean that interventions of this nature have not been carried out in the sports field, but rather that they are not reflected in high-impact magazines; and only in recent years could they be published by these media. The dissemination of research in sports psychology is very important because it provides valuable information and knowledge based on evidence that allows solving multiple relevant practical questions to optimize the sports performance of athletes Moran and Toner, Additionally, this finding evidences that there is a growth in the publication of sports psychological interventions in high impact magazines, improving the visibility of the results related to the improvement of the performance of elite athletes.

On the other hand, it is important to emphasize that, according to the search period of the Ursino and Barrios review carried out from to , it was found that the highest concentration of studies that associated sports performance with psychological variables was between and , repeating the pattern that there is more research in the last years of the search period, although not exclusively in experimental or quasi-experimental designs, but in empirical studies in general.

As a third finding, the most investigated variables in these nine articles were: psychological abilities, psychological flexibility, and stress.

However, it is relevant to consider that, in one of the studies, psychological flexibility was not the only variable investigated, but was shared by others psychological distress, thought suppression and Flow.

In addition, with respect to stress, it was evaluated in different dimensions, because one article emphasized resistance to stress and the other on the stress-recovery balance. In this way, it is evident that the evaluation of psychological abilities had a greater role among the others. It is likely that this is due to the fact that psychological abilities group several constructs that have been scientifically proven over the years that directly intervene in sports performance, such as motivation, attention, coping, attitude, anxiety, imaginative visual control, among other Getz and McConnell, ; León et al.

Furthermore, the importance of psychological skills in sports performance has been demonstrated by many researchers MacNamara et al. Not only psychological skills may provide you a general psychological profile of high-performance athletes, but also to know which the variables are to work on according to the extent to which they influence their competitive performance Loehr, ; Raimundi et al.

This type of psychological interventions within the sports field have been described as emerging third generation therapies with high levels of efficacy.

Demonstrating improvements in athletes who favored different states of anxiety and concentration Hoja and Jansen, A similarity found in two replicated programs was the use of this technique to address psychological skills such as flexibility, thought suppression, flow, and stress.

The continuous investigation of this psychological technique is what has allowed us to know and verify its multiple benefits. Therefore, intervening with this type of replicated programs that already have a long history and scientific support, allows to obtain greater security with respect to the development of the psychological skills investigated; unlike what it could mean to implement a program with its own design that does not have the necessary evidence to know whether it can generate a positive impact.

However, it is known that one of the main objectives of the research is not only to clarify and expand the knowledge that already exists, but also to generate new ones Ato et al. This would be achieved through the implementation of self-made programs because it would be creating a new opportunity to investigate other options.

In turn, improvements have also been observed with more classical second generation treatments or strategies, based on cognitive-behavioral therapies Olmedilla et al. Another relevant finding was the great variety in terms of the age range of the athletes considering all the studies, since the youngest was 13 years old and the oldest 40 years old.

This finding can have several explanations. The first is defined according to the category of athletes, because they may have selected juniors from the national teams they represent, such as a volleyball sub Also, it is important to consider the sport practiced, since there is a recognized age and average start and end of a career in each one López de Subijana and Equiza, As was previously known, of the nine studies selected, six different sports were found, which is why in some the age of the athletes may be dispersed.

Finally, it should be noted that, in addition to the six sports found, two studies evaluated athletes from various sports, which could also explain the variance in age. Additionally, regarding the sex of the athletes, it was found that more than half of the studies intervened only with men, coinciding with the systematic review by Brown and Fletcher Although these findings appear to be encouraging in the field of scientific research, there is still a large gap in the resources allocated to sportsmen and women, especially financial ones, generating inequity López, Following the line of sports, soccer was the sport with the greatest presence in the different studies.

Although the magnitude and beauty of this sport around the world is known, from a total of nine studies, five other sports disciplines were found. This may reflect the increasing awareness, research, and psychological intervention in various sports.

Added to this, it is worth mentioning that all the sports presented were collective, except for artistic gymnastics, which has a mixed modality. Within the search process of the present review, several psychological interventions were found on individual sports, such as table tennis, sailing, taekwondo, among others; but they were logically investigated under a single case design, falling outside of our inclusion criteria.

However, this type of research, which seeks to understand the behavior of an individual in response to an intervention program, is progressively increasing in the psychology of sport and exercise Kratochwill and Levin, ; Moran and Toner, For more detail, you can examine the review by Barker et al.

A sixth finding was that three studies chose to implement their psychological training program to their entire sample, understanding that they only had one intervention group. Therefore, it is logical that they have chosen to make comparisons between the evaluations applied before and after the program to determine their impact.

In contrast, the other six studies divided their sample into an experimental and control group, applying their program only and obviously to the first of the groups. Unlike the other three studies, these six had and made effective the possibility of using the effect size statistic, not only to assess whether there was improvement in the psychological variables evaluated after the intervention, but also in what extent.

This means a very relevant result considering that it allows to know how much the findings can be adjusted to reality Castillo and Bravo, Finally, in order to evaluate the psychological work resulting from these interventions, it is important to focus on the improvement of the psychological functioning of athletes, assessing their adaptive progress, their relationship with performance and their psychological wellbeing Olmedilla and Domínguez-Igual, ; Kosendiak and Ptak, All articles concluded that their psychological training programs had a positive impact on high-performance athletes, regardless of the type of program, intervention strategy or technique used, as well as without discriminating in the distribution or characterization of each sample, coinciding with the findings of the Brown and Fletcher review.

Perhaps this level of improvement as a consequence of the different interventions selected may be due to the level of satisfaction with the psychological training by both the athletes and the technical staff, as they were able to find time to reflect, share, enjoy and learn techniques such as relaxation, mindfulness and visualization.

We could think that generating spaces for exchange and experimentation have effects on the improvement of skills and sense of wellbeing. Similar results were found with Polish Olympic athletes Kosendiak and Ptak, alluding to their enjoyment of the choice of relaxation and visualization techniques, within a psychological intervention program.

However, it is important to clarify, as mentioned above, that some studies evaluated several psychological variables at the same time, so this finding is focused on the overall effectiveness of the program, but not necessarily on the significant improvement of all the psychological constructs addressed.

Therefore, the authors culminated their studies with the request and recommendation to continue researching on these topics in order to clarify the panorama and obtain new discoveries that contribute to the growth of sport psychology. At the end of the day, it is the publications of this type of research that allow society to have more knowledge and resources at its disposal for its interventions.

A first limitation of the study was to discriminate and define the characteristics of a high-performance athlete over one who is not. This is because several aspects are involved, such as age, category, representativeness in a national team and participation in a professional team.

In this way, it was difficult to select the studies that presented the characteristics of the required sample. Added to this, in the beginning it had been planned to select all kinds of research that would demonstrate the effects of psychological training, including qualitative ones and case studies.

However, in order to obtain greater uniformity in the results and analysis, it was decided to select only the quantitative studies. It happens that qualitative studies have other elements that could be discussed and analyzed.

Such information, together with what was found in quantitative research, was going to mean more extension, diseños y posibles confusiones metodológicas. Another limitation is found in the predominance of non-experimental descriptive cross-sectional designs.

There are even studies that make mental or psychological training programs available, but a scientific evaluation of the impact generated on athletes is not observed. This is connected with the lack of rigor in the results supported by scientific evidence, understanding that there may be a large number of sports psychological interventions, but that they do not necessarily go through the rigorous process of scientific research, and this causes that ultimately there is no support for a positive impact.

The present study will clarify and have relevant information available on the impact of psychological interventions on sports performance. In this way, it can contribute to different sports institutions having knowledge and providing themselves with various resources and activities that favor the development of psychological skills related to improving their performance.

They will have a wide range of effective interventions to apply with their own athletes according to the required needs. In the first place, based on the objective of promoting the continuous obtaining of new discoveries based on scientific evidence, especially in sports psychology, we recommend continuing research on this discipline in the process of consolidation.

The results and analysis that we do cannot be taken as absolute truths because our investigations are framed in a specific sample and context, so it would be a mistake to generalize to large magnitudes.

Therefore, to approximate reality, there needs to be a series of studies to support it, and this will only be achieved if there is continuous scientific research. It is recommended that the inclusion criteria be fairly clear and free of interpretation, because given the large amount of research to be analyzed, some may go unnoticed due to a doubtful inclusion criterion.

Furthermore, it makes it difficult for the funnel process, shown in the PRISMA diagram, to be fast and effective. Finally, it is suggested to analyze and investigate the challenges framed in sports psychology after the Covid pandemic.

Because possibly the needs and demands of athletes have mutated and now the psychological variables to work on could be different from what they were a couple of years ago. Athletes and society in general are in constant readjustment processes due to the new competition conditions and sports psychology professionals must consider them in their new interventions both face-to-face and virtual, which has come to stay and be enhanced with technology.

There has been a recent and accelerated growth in the research of interventions in sports psychology, which shows that both professionals in this discipline and sports institutions are opting for their work to have a greater reach in society and form part of the required scientific evidence to be replicated with sustenance.

Additionally, it is relevant to evaluate the psychological abilities in high-performance athletes, because by grouping a series of proven variables that influence their performance, you obtain a psychological profile of the athlete that will allow you to know what aspects could be worked on to have the maximum potential.

Finally, from all the information collected and analyzed, it is concluded that interventions on psychological variables have a positive impact on the performance of highly competitive athletes. The raw data supporting the conclusions of this article will be made available by the authors, without undue reservation.

MR-B conceived the original idea of the study. MR-B, GV-S, MD-C, PB-A, and LC-A selected the references and contributed to data selecting and processing. MR-B, SC-B, and MV analyzed and presented the data. MR-B, TC-R, VT-V, CC-L, and RB wrote and organized the manuscript.

All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript. This work was supported by the Dirección de Investigación de la Universidad Peruana de Ciencias Aplicadas C The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

All claims expressed in this article are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of their affiliated organizations, or those of the publisher, the editors and the reviewers. Any product that may be evaluated in this article, or claim that may be made by its manufacturer, is not guaranteed or endorsed by the publisher.

Abdullah, M. and K. Role of psychological factors on the performance of elite soccer players. doi: CrossRef Full Text Google Scholar. American Psychological Associaton. Criteria for evaluating treatment guidelines.

Ato, M.

Clinical Resewrch Professor of Sports Performance Research Psychology and Applied Human Development, Boston Perforjance. Assistant Professor of Chemical and Sports Performance Research Engineering, West Virginia University. Associate Professor, Cardiorespiratory Exercise Physiology, Anglia Ruskin University. Lecturer in Coaching and Sports Performance, Manchester Metropolitan University. Menu Close Home Edition Africa Australia Brasil Canada Canada français España Europe France Global Indonesia New Zealand United Kingdom United States. Start your submission and get Performacne impact for your research Sports Performance Research publishing with Researxh. Ready to Sports Performance Research Check out our author guidelines for everything you need to know about submission, from choosing a journal and section to preparing your manuscript. Reviewing a manuscript? Article processing charges APCs apply to articles that are accepted for publication by our external editors, following rigorous peer review. Navigation group Top bar navigation. About us About us.

Sports Performance Research -

Edition: Available editions Europe. Become an author Sign up as a reader Sign in. Articles Contributors Links Articles on Athletic performance Displaying 1 - 20 of 28 articles.

Studies show college athletes sleeping less than 7 hours per night are almost twice as likely to be injured when compared with athletes sleeping more than 8 hours. Does intermittent fasting have a negative or positive effect on athletic performance?

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Anxiety relief techniques have Pergormance expertise in understanding Dangers of severe nutrient deficiencies factors that influence human performance in sport and Researxh, alongside Researh methods for Sports Performance Research athletic performance across the ability Prformance. We have established research Perfkrmance with major organisations including the English Sports Performance Research of Sport, UK Sport, the Lawn Tennis Association, Sports Performance Research Performanec Association, British Athletics, British Pfrformance and the England and Wales Cricket Board. It is delivered by world leading academics and centres of expertise such as the Peter Harrison Centre for Disability Sportthe Environmental Ergonomics Research Centre and the National Centre for Sport and Exercise Medicine. One important consideration is that training adaptations are reduced as training status increases, meaning it is harder to improve performance the more training you do. Blood flow restricted BFR exercise is one approach which has the potential to enhance the physiological adaptations associated with training, including increases in capillary supply and mitochondrial function, which can contribute to improving endurance-exercise performance. Richard Ferguson talks to Scientific Triathlon about blood flow restricted training. Sleep problems occur frequently in individuals with spinal cord injury SCI.

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5 thoughts on “Sports Performance Research

  1. Es ist schade, dass ich mich jetzt nicht aussprechen kann - ist erzwungen, wegzugehen. Ich werde befreit werden - unbedingt werde ich die Meinung aussprechen.

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